Diabetes is a life-changing medical condition that impairs the body’s ability to process sugars in the blood. Non-management of diabetes can lead to other medical conditions like heart disease, kidney failure, and strokes. Read on to understand the different types of diabetes and how to manage them effectively.
Doctors classify diabetes into the following three kinds:
- Type 1 diabetes: While the exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown, this condition occurs when the body is unable to produce insulin. As our bodies require insulin to process glucose – such people are dependent on artificial insulin from external sources.
- Type 2 diabetes: With type 2 diabetes, the body can produce insulin, but the body’s cells become less responsive due to the flooding of the blood with sugars. This insulin resistance generally takes place gradually over time. Research shows that type 2 diabetes is the most common and has close links to obesity.
- Gestational diabetes: During pregnancy, a woman’s body becomes less sensitive to insulin and can develop gestational diabetes. After giving birth, this type of diabetes typically resolves itself.
Treatment of diabetes
Managing diabetes depends on the type of diabetes an individual has, and doctors could prescribe artificial insulin or recommend a lifestyle change to manage it.
Treatment of type 1 diabetes is generally through insulin injections or inhalers. Self-monitoring of blood glucose levels at home is essential. People with type 1 diabetes can choose from rapid, regular, intermediate, and long-lasting kinds of insulin to keep their sugars in check.
Physicians recommended lifestyle changes for people with type 2 diabetes. Specialists working along with nutritionists could formulate exercise and diet plans to reduce obesity. Recommendations for controlling type 2 diabetes could include
- Avoiding starchy and high-calorie foods
- Avoiding sweetened fizzy drinks and excessive amounts of alcohol
- Eating a healthy diet with lean protein and fresh, nutritious foods
- Exercising at least five days a week for 30 minutes
- Recognizing the signs of low blood sugar.
Different medications can also help control type 2 diabetes. These drugs help in lowering blood sugar levels and increasing the effectiveness of insulin in the body.
With careful management of blood sugar levels, most diabetics can keep away from severe life-threatening complications and lead a healthy life.